Meta Llama-3-8B

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Meta Llama-3-8B


Meta Llama 3: Pushing the Boundaries of Open AI

Meta AI has unveiled Llama 3, the next generation of its open-source large language models (LLMs), setting a new benchmark for performance and capabilities in the field of artificial intelligence.

Key Highlights

  • Llama 3 includes two initial models: 8B (8 billion parameters) and 70B (70 billion parameters), available in both pretrained and instruction-tuned variants.
  • These models demonstrate state-of-the-art performance on a wide range of industry benchmarks, outperforming similarly sized models from competitors.
  • Improvements in pretraining and post-training procedures have substantially reduced false refusal rates, improved alignment, and increased response diversity.
  • Llama 3 excels in tasks such as reasoning, code generation, and instruction following, thanks to advancements in training techniques.

Performance Evaluation

Meta's internal evaluations have shown that Llama 3 outperforms competing models across various benchmarks:

  • MMLU (undergraduate-level knowledge):

    • Llama 3 8B surpasses Gemma 7B and Mistral 7B Instruct
  • GPQA (graduate-level questions):

    • Llama 3 8B outperforms Gemma 7B and Mistral 7B Instruct
  • HumanEval (coding):

    • Llama 3 8B outperforms Gemma 7B and Mistral 7B Instruct
  • GSM-8K (grade-school math):

    • Llama 3 8B surpasses Gemma 7B and Mistral 7B Instruct
  • Real-world scenarios (human evaluation):

    • Llama 3 70B instruction-following model outperforms Claude Sonnet, Mistral Medium, and GPT-3.5 in preference rankings by human annotators.

Improved Reasoning and Instruction Following

One of the standout features of Llama 3 is its enhanced reasoning capabilities and improved ability to follow instructions. Meta attributes these improvements to advancements in pretraining and post-training procedures, which have:

  • Substantially reduced false refusal rates
  • Improved alignment (embedding human values and goals)
  • Increased diversity in model responses

Additionally, Meta claims that Llama 3 has demonstrated significant improvements in tasks such as reasoning and coding, thanks to the incorporation of preference rankings during the training process.

Massive and Diverse Training Dataset

Llama 3 was trained on a massive dataset of over 15 trillion tokens, seven times larger than the one used for Llama 2. This dataset includes:

  • Four times more code than its predecessor
  • High-quality non-English data covering over 30 languages, accounting for over 5% of the total training data

To ensure data quality, Meta developed a series of data-filtering pipelines, including:

  • Heuristic filters
  • NSFW filters
  • Semantic deduplication approaches
  • Text classifiers

Interestingly, Meta leveraged Llama 2's capabilities to identify high-quality data, using it to generate the training data for the text-quality classifiers that power Llama 3.

Scaling Up and Optimizing for the Future

While the 8B and 70B models represent the initial release, Meta is currently training even larger models, exceeding 400 billion parameters. These models are expected to offer enhanced capabilities, including:

  • Multimodality (ability to generate both text and images)
  • Multilingual support
  • Longer context windows

To train these massive models, Meta employed advanced techniques such as:

  • Data parallelization
  • Model parallelization
  • Pipeline parallelization

Meta also developed an advanced training stack that automates error detection, handling, and maintenance, ensuring efficient and reliable training processes.

Responsible Development and Deployment

Meta has adopted a system-level approach to ensure the safe and ethical use of Llama 3, introducing new trust and safety tools:

  • Llama Guard 2: Uses the MLCommons taxonomy for prompt and response safety.
  • Code Shield: Provides inference-time filtering of insecure code produced by LLMs.
  • CyberSec Eval 2: Expands on its predecessor by adding measures for code interpreter abuse, offensive cybersecurity capabilities, and susceptibility to prompt injection attacks.

Meta has also updated its Responsible Use Guide, providing a comprehensive framework for developers to follow when working with Llama 3 models.

Availability and Integration

Llama 3 models will soon be available on various platforms, including:

  • Cloud providers (AWS, Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure)
  • Model API providers (Hugging Face, Kaggle, IBM WatsonX)
  • Hardware platforms (AMD, NVIDIA, Qualcomm)

Additionally, Meta has integrated Llama 3 technology into its virtual assistant, Meta AI, now available across Meta's platforms, including Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, Messenger, and the web.


The release of Llama 3 represents a significant milestone in the field of artificial intelligence, showcasing Meta's commitment to pushing the boundaries of open-source LLMs. With its impressive performance, enhanced reasoning capabilities, and emphasis on responsible development, Llama 3 is poised to shape the future of AI applications and drive innovation across various industries.