Meta Llama-3-70B

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Meta Llama-3-70B


Introduction to Meta Llama 3 70B

The field of natural language processing has seen remarkable advancements in recent years, with the development of large language models (LLMs) that can understand and generate human-like text with unprecedented accuracy and fluency. At the forefront of this revolution is Meta, a pioneering company that has consistently pushed the boundaries of what is possible with AI.

Today, Meta unveils its latest and most ambitious project yet: Llama 3, a state-of-the-art LLM that represents a significant leap forward in the realm of natural language processing. With its groundbreaking architecture, massive training data, and innovative scaling techniques, Llama 3 promises to redefine the capabilities of language models and unlock new frontiers in AI-powered applications.

Groundbreaking Performance of Meta-Llama-3-70B

The 70B parameter Llama 3 model establishes a new state-of-the-art for large language models (LLMs) at its scale, outperforming previous models like GPT-3.5 and Claude Sonnet across a wide range of benchmarks and real-world use cases.

Meta conducted human evaluations across 12 key use cases, including:

  • Asking for advice
  • Brainstorming
  • Classification
  • Closed question answering
  • Coding
  • Creative writing
  • Extraction
  • Inhabiting a character/persona
  • Open question answering
  • Reasoning
  • Rewriting
  • Summarization

The evaluations involved 1,800 prompts, and the results highlight Llama 3's exceptional performance compared to competing models of comparable size, as shown in the preference rankings by human annotators:

Model Preference Ranking
Llama 3 70B (Instruction-Tuned) 1st
Claude Sonnet 2nd
Mistral Medium 3rd
GPT-3.5 4th

Llama 3's pretrained model also establishes a new state-of-the-art for LLMs at the 8B and 70B scales, outperforming previous models on various benchmarks, including:

  • Trivia QA
  • Code Generation (HumanEval)
  • Historical Knowledge

Massive and Diverse Training Data that Meta Employs for Llama3-70B

One of the key factors contributing to Llama 3's impressive performance is the sheer scale and diversity of its pretraining data:

  • Over 15 trillion tokens, seven times larger than the dataset used for Llama 2
  • Four times more code data compared to Llama 2
  • Over 5% of the pretraining data consists of high-quality non-English data covering over 30 languages

Meta employed a series of data-filtering pipelines to ensure the highest quality training data, including:

  • Heuristic filters
  • NSFW filters
  • Semantic deduplication approaches
  • Text classifiers for predicting data quality

Interestingly, Meta leveraged Llama 2 itself to generate the training data for the text-quality classifiers used in Llama 3, demonstrating the model's ability to improve itself.

Scaling Up Pretraining Process of Llama-3-70B

Meta developed detailed scaling laws for downstream benchmark evaluations, enabling them to select an optimal data mix and make informed decisions about how to best utilize their training compute resources.

The scaling behavior observed during Llama 3's development revealed that:

  • Model performance continued to improve log-linearly even after training on up to 15 trillion tokens, far beyond the Chinchilla-optimal amount of training compute for an 8B parameter model.
  • Larger models, like the 70B variant, can match the performance of smaller models with less training compute, but smaller models are generally preferred due to their efficiency during inference.

To train the largest Llama 3 models, Meta combined three types of parallelization:

  • Data parallelization
  • Model parallelization
  • Pipeline parallelization

Their most efficient implementation achieved a compute utilization of over 400 TFLOPS per GPU when trained on 16,000 GPUs simultaneously, a remarkable feat of engineering.

How to Fine Tune Llama 3 70B

Unlocking Llama 3's full potential in chat use cases required innovations in instruction-tuning. Meta's approach combined:

  • Supervised fine-tuning (SFT)
  • Rejection sampling
  • Proximal policy optimization (PPO)
  • Direct policy optimization (DPO)

Learning from preference rankings via PPO and DPO greatly improved Llama 3's performance on reasoning and coding tasks, enabling the model to learn how to select the correct reasoning trace or code solution.

Meta has also adopted a system-level approach to responsible development and deployment of Llama 3, including:

  • Extensive red-teaming efforts to assess risks of misuse related to chemical, biological, cybersecurity, and other risk areas.
  • New trust and safety tools like Llama Guard 2, CyberSec Eval 2, and Code Shield (an inference-time guardrail for filtering insecure code).
  • Updating the Responsible Use Guide (RUG) to provide a comprehensive framework for responsible development with LLMs.

How to Deploy Llama 3 70B

Llama 3 will soon be available on all major platforms, including:

  • Cloud providers
  • Model API providers
  • And more

Meta's benchmarks show that the improved tokenizer and the addition of GQA contribute to maintaining inference efficiency on par with Llama 2 7B, despite the 70B model having an additional 1 billion parameters.

While the 8B and 70B models mark the beginning of the Llama 3 release, Meta has even larger models in the works, with plans to introduce:

  • Multimodality
  • Multilingual capabilities
  • Longer context windows
  • Stronger overall performance

A detailed research paper will also be published once the training of Llama 3 is complete.


Meta Llama 3 is a remarkable achievement that solidifies Meta's position as a leader in the field of artificial intelligence. With its exceptional performance, massive and diverse training data, innovative scaling techniques, and responsible development approach, Llama 3 sets a new standard for large language models.

As Meta continues to push the boundaries of what's possible with LLMs, the open AI ecosystem stands to benefit from the innovations and advancements brought forth by Llama 3. The release of this groundbreaking model is not just a technological milestone but also a testament to Meta's commitment to fostering an open and collaborative environment for AI research and development.

With Llama 3, Meta has once again demonstrated its ability to tackle complex challenges and deliver cutting-edge solutions that have the potential to transform industries and improve lives. As the world eagerly awaits the next wave of AI breakthroughs, one thing is certain: Meta's pursuit of excellence in this field will continue to inspire and shape the future of artificial intelligence.